A facade is one of the essential components of a building, which influences almost everything, from the building’s identity to the designer’s first impression on the visitors and others. The architecture of a building is all about the vision of the architect and the people combined, and lighting is one aspect that enhances the way everyone perceives all possible intricate details more. The creativity of facade lighting combines with the design of the building. The facade lighting increases the commercial value of a building by highlighting it. Also, it helps the building stand out from the chaos of its surroundings. In architectural terms, a facade is one of the most important elements of a building which helps to set the spirit of the building right. Hence, proper facade lighting can make the building stand out from the rest of the buildings in the surrounding area.

What is the importance of Facade Lighting?

Facades have become a significant demonstration of identity and branding for people associated with them, designers, owners, or developers. As a result, facade lighting plays a vital part in the development of a global city. Facade lighting has proven to be beneficial in all types of buildings, old and new. The unique aspects of façade lights and their designs can give any building an extraordinary character, charm, and the power to create a lasting impression to make your building the talk of the town. 

Facade light plays a massive role in transmitting light, energy efficiency, and aesthetic appearance. In addition, facade lighting can alter the ordinary structure of a building and put a lot of emphasis on the various characteristics of the building that would have gone unnoticed another way around. They also tend to impart an artistic aura to the exteriors of the building by making great use of shadows. Highlighting the architecture enhances the visibility of a feature, whereas silhouetting the feature lends entirely different results. For that purpose, facade lights are positioned at the rear side of an object to illuminate the backdrop. Moreover, some architectural experts use up-lighting for columns and pillars to add a simple contrast or spotlight an object. From pointing out the facade to upgrading the semblance of the building, a sound facade lighting system has several outcomes.

What are the important features of Facade Lighting?

Various aspects tend to have an impact on the lighting system of the building and this can purely make or break the look of the facade; some of them are mentioned below:

  • Elements to Light 

It is not required to light the entire facade; instead, illuminate the most critical portions of the facade, i.e., the regions with the most impact. The principal viewpoints of the facade from the context – both macro and micro – are used to determine this.

  • Ways of Lighting

How a building should be lighted depends on various factors. The environment of the building should be taken into consideration, along with the contribution of the structure and the purpose it fulfills. The other aspect is the type of the building. For example, elaborated lighting can ignite a retail shop, whereas dynamite lighting is considered suitable for an office tower and can transform into an icon. The patterns, colour, symmetry, the scale should also be considered while lighting the facade of a building. 

Different types of Facade Lighting:

The following are some of the different types of facade lighting techniques that are available:

  • Dot Lighting 

In this type of facade lighting technique, the light fixtures are placed on the facades to be seen. They are widely used to display messages and lighting patterns and are also used during LED Lighting shows. 

  • Grazing Facade Lighting

In the Grazing Facade Lighting technique, the lighting fixtures are placed very close to the facade, which highly illuminates the base and decreases with increasing height. Highly recommended for facades with textures, this technique helps to make textured vertical surfaces more obvious or conspicuous by increasing shadows grazing. The effects of the light can be varied by using a bottom-up lighting method, differing it from the daylight. The breaking of patterns created by natural light, a facade light, emphasizes the detailed features generally missing out from the daylight. The lighting fixture can also be set in the top position to downwash the structure of the building and allow people to feel the lovely lines of the building.  In addition, grazing creates very obvious or distinct shadows on the textured surfaces of the wall by delivering lighting illumination over the top of the textured surface. This gives the textured surfaces of the wall a more beautiful aspect. In addition, In-ground linear lights are widely used to highlight the textures.

  • Wall Washing

As the name describes, it is the process of washing a wall surface consistently with light, i.e. uniform illumination on the wall surface. This can be accomplished by evenly distributing lumen across the entire wall surface, from top to bottom, without producing any overcast lumen patches. As color has the power to convey wisdom, meaning, and sentiment. Through night facade lighting, it is one of the most basic ways to transmit architectural culture. It is essential for enhancing architectural appeal as well as influencing the architectural picture and atmosphere. They are available in various colour options. 

  • Guardrail Lighting

Used to illuminate the guardrail, this type of facade lighting is used in off-limit areas to provide lighting to the fence. While illuminating the guardrail, it is to be kept in mind that the luminous intensity, as well as the brightness of the facade light, can be altered to modify the light and shade of the facade. By increasing the contrast between light and shade, it can cause people to have different psychological experiences. At general, a brightly lit space is in a prominent location and has a dynamic vibe. Another building with shades, on the other hand, exudes a sense of calm and chilly. It's important to remember that light has a psychological effect in people's thoughts since individuals are terrified of darkness and might be excited by light. Along with adding to the security of the areas near a building, guardrail lighting also adds to the beauty of a place. 

  • Spot Projectors

An excellent lighting option, Spot Projectors generally illuminate surrounding elements such as trees and shrubs. They are used to light some particular spots, hence the name spot projectors. 

  • Window Lighting

The window facade lighting is used to create dramatic effects on facades and highlight the windows. It is the most suitable light technique for lighting the windows, openings and other architectural features. Different lighting facades can be combined with window lighting owing to the various effects they can create while lighting the facade as all washers can generate dimensional effects on the building, spot projectors and linear lights can also be incorporated which can develop dimensional effects and contribute to the structure's beauty.

  • Flood Lighting

They are known as floodlights as they are placed far away from the facade to create a uniform lighting effect. However, It's important to keep the building's original charm and texture in mind when illuminating its facade. The lighting should be done in such a way that it does not alter the structure's design and that the fixture is hidden while creating stunning effects.

  • Linear Flex Lighting

Linear Flex Lighting may be smoothly integrated into any design, resulting in refined effects. When combined with outstanding items, it can genuinely raise a design idea to awe-inspiring completion.

These Bonus Tips to Help You Understand Facade Lighting Better-

  • Linear Flex lighting is designed especially for uneven surfaces as they are the most flexible types of facade lights.
  • Wall washer lights are the best option to illuminate architectural buildings and projects.
  • Guardrail lights are designed with the highest safety parameters and are available with symmetric and asymmetric beam options.
  • Dot lights don’t require any sort of maintenance and are widely used for LED shows.

Facade lighting is not complex, but it surely needs proper lighting techniques and a thorough understanding. If appropriately implemented, facade lighting can bring significant changes to the value and beauty of a building and place. If you’re looking out to get your hands on the best-led facade lighting fixtures, you can check out the facade lighting range of Jaquar, as it has got all your needs covered. Facade lightings like spot projectors, window lights, inground lights by Jaquar are used to alter the appearance of a cityscape, draw attention, and attract big crowds of tourists. This increases revenue and improves the reputation of a building and city. The lighting of a facade of a building can help reveal and highlight facts about the building or the monument. The importance of proper, suitable and relevant lighting should not be avoided in any case. Apart from highlighting the historical significance of the building, a facade light illumination can also increase the security of urban society, attract people toward the building or commercial streets, and even upgrade the image of the surroundings and the city.